Former Peruvian president and army dictator Francisco Morales Bermúdez died on July 14 on the age of 100. He had been sentenced in absentia to life in jail by Italian authorities for his position in Operation Condor, a United States-backed marketing campaign of political repression in South America within the Nineteen Seventies and 80s.
Regardless of his vocal discontent with the present authorities of leftist President Pedro Castillo, Mr. Castillo’s authorities declared a state of nationwide mourning to honor the deceased chief.
And whereas the previous dictator has been extensively criticized for his authoritarian rule and participation in Operation Condor, his supporters have lauded him for returning democracy to Peru after 12 years of army rule.
The president of Peru’s Congress, María del Carmen Alva, defended Mr. Morales Bermúdez on July 15 within the plenary session of Parliament. First, she provided a minute of silence as a tribute after which mentioned, “Because of him we returned to democracy, which we nonetheless have at the moment.”
Vladimir Cerrón, common secretary of Peru Libre, the Marxist ruling get together, wrote on Twitter: “Historical past won’t ever absolve former president Francisco Morales Bermúdez of his crimes, nor of betraying Peru by serving in Operation Condor.”
The political lifetime of Mr. Morales Bermúdez
Mr. Morales Bermúdez dominated Peru from 1975 till 1980 through the second stage of the so-called “Revolutionary Authorities of the Armed Forces,” after main a coup in opposition to then-military President Juan Velasco Alvarado.
Seven years earlier, Mr. Velasco had overthrown President Fernando Belaúnde Terry, putting in a army dictatorship in Peru.
Throughout his interval as de facto president, Mr. Morales Bermúdez facilitated the transition to democracy by calling for a Constituent Meeting that was put in in July 1978. A yr later, he enacted a brand new Structure.
Mr. Morales Bermúdez additionally referred to as for common elections in 1980 during which the previously deposed President Fernando Belaúnde Terry received, and he re-took energy that yr.
Francisco Morales Bermúdez and Operation Condor
In 2017, on the age of 96, Mr. Morales Bermúdez was sentenced in absentia to life in jail by the III Legal Court docket of Rome for his position in Operation Condor, during which 23 Italian residents had been disappeared.
Operation Condor was a secret program of the dictatorships of Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Bolivia -and sporadically Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela-, with the assist of the US, to be able to persecute, detain, torture and assassinate leftist leaders who may mobilize individuals in opposition to dictatorial regimes.
In July 2019, the Italian justice ratified the sentence in opposition to Mr. Morales Bermúdez for the disappearance of the residents of Italian origin. Nevertheless, as he was by no means extradited to Italy, he was not affected and remained free in Peru till his demise.
Mr. Morales Bermúdez all the time denied having participated in Operation Condor.