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Costa Rica’s Southern Pacific Coast: A Hen Watcher’s Paradise


Pure Habitat Adventures has spent over three many years exploring Costa Rica’s Pacific and Caribbean coastlines, rain forests, cloud forests, nationwide parks and wildlife refuges. Our Costa Rica Wilderness Explorer expedition options professional naturalist guides and an deliberately curated itinerary that permits vacationers to discover Costa Rica and the wildlife that makes this nation a globally acclaimed biodiversity hotspot.

A Hen Watcher’s Paradise  

Costa Rica is a spectacular place for hen watchers and photographers. This area has ecosystems and habitats that assist among the world’s most vibrant hen populations. As a traveler on Nat Hab’s Costa Rica Wilderness Explorer, you’ll discover nationwide parks, personal wildlife reserves, mangrove swamps and rainforest habitats in quest of birdlife, sloths, spider monkeys, crocodiles, iguanas and extra.

Los Quetzales Nationwide Park is situated atop the Talamanca Mountains and encompasses greater than 12,000 acres of pristine cloud forest and 14 totally different ecosystems. This is among the finest locations to identify the resplendent quetzal, an unique crimson and iridescent inexperienced hen with flowing tail feathers. The park protects wild sections of the Savegre River, which originates excessive up on the Cerro de la Muerte.

This cool local weather is normally coated in a haze of thick clouds. Its excessive elevation attracts birds and different natural world that reside solely at such excessive elevations. Different possible sightings embody the spangle-cheeked tanager and the emerald toucanet. Nat Hab vacationers will take pleasure in lunch at Paraiso Quetzal—”Quetzal Paradise”—an ecolodge perched on a steep mountainside. From the out of doors deck, we’re positive to see dozens of hummingbirds buzzing round a number of feeders, providing excellent close-up photograph alternatives

On the 800-acre Hacienda Baru Nationwide Wildlife Refuge, vacationers can discover massive tracts of protected lowland rainforest, mangroves, wetlands and secondary progress, which we expertise from a community of simple trails. This space is house to almost 400 recorded species of birds.

Our expedition takes vacationers to the Batsu Gardens, a birding and pictures haven the place each element has been deliberately designed to reinforce excellent hen pictures alternatives in a lush pure area. The identify Batsú comes from Bri-Bri, a language spoken by the indigenous individuals of the Talamanca Mountains.

A powerful 47 hen species are endemic to the mountains and foothills of Costa Rica and Western Panama. Take a look at some standout birds that you simply would possibly see on Costa Rica Wilderness Explorer:

Uncover 8 Stunning Birds of Costa Rica’s Southern Pacific Coast

Pair of big Scarlet Macaws, Ara macao, two birds sitting on the branch, Costa rica. Wildlife love scene from tropical forest. Two beautiful parrots on tree branch in nature habitat.

The Scarlet Macaw and the Nice Inexperienced Macaw

Fifteen species of macaw reside in Central and South America. These birds are the world’s largest flying parrots. Solely two species—the scarlet macaw and the good inexperienced macaw—name Costa Rica house. The scarlet macaw is extra generally present in lowland humid forests, deciduous forests and tropical evergreen forest areas on the Pacific coast. Macaws are a social species that spend their lives in teams of three to 4, although generally this could rise to 30 people. You’ll virtually at all times see pairs collectively, as macaws are a monogamous species and mate for all times. The 2 will fly or sit facet by facet, preening one another’s feathers and speaking to one another with affectionate, rasping calls.

Spangle-cheeked Tanager - Tangara dowii passerine bird, endemic resident breeder in the highlands of Costa Rica and Panama, formerly considered conspecific with green-naped tanager

Spangle-Cheeked Tanager

This particular tanager is an endemic resident breeder of the highlands of Costa Rica and western Panama. This frugivore is small and lively, with a novel orangey stomach and cobalt wings, and turquoise spangles on the chest, cheek and nape. These birds are normally present in pairs following combined feeding flocks in forests and edges.

Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens, flying bird in blue sky. Tropical sea bird from Costa Rica coast. Wildlife scene from nature.

Magnificent Frigatebirds

These are massive seabirds with lengthy, angular wings that assist them soar over tropical and subtropical oceans all through the Americas. Males of this species are distinctive in that they’ve a particular pink gular pouch, which they inflate throughout the breeding season to draw females. Each women and men have black plumage and lengthy, deeply forked tails, together with lengthy hooked payments. They forage in lagoons in addition to far out to sea and nest in low-growing scrub vegetation on islands. 

Blue hummingbird Violet Sabrewing flying next to beautiful red flower. Tinny bird fly in jungle. Wildlife in tropic Costa Rica. Two bird sucking nectar from bloom in the forest. Bird behaviour.

Costa Rica’s Violet Sabrewing is among the largest hummingbirds on the earth.


Hummingbirds, remarkably, can fly backward and have the quickest coronary heart charge of any hen, with a pulse that may surpass 1,200 beats per minute. These high-energy birds want high quality meals to maintain this each day power expenditure. Some white-eared hummingbirds have been discovered to eat 850% of their physique weight per day to maintain themselves. They survive on nectar and a wide selection of bugs, together with beetles, flying ants and daddy longlegs. In contrast to the macaw, hummingbirds are primarily solitary creatures, and breeding season is often the one time hummingbirds are seen collectively. In Costa Rica, yow will discover 51 species of hummingbird, every one displaying dazzling and vibrant colours.

Roseate Spoonbill, at Refugio Silvestre de Cano Negro, Costa Rica,

Roseate Spoonbills

Generally mistaken for a flamingo, the Roseate Spoonbills is a novel pink wading hen with an extended, flat, spoon-shaped invoice. Adults are pink total, with scarlet wing patches, orange tails and naked pale-green heads. You could find this hen in freshwater and saltwater wetlands from the Gulf Coast of the U.S. by a lot of South America. 

Toucan sitting on the branch in the forest, green vegetation, Costa Rica. Nature travel in central America. Two Keel-billed Toucan, Ramphastos sulfuratus, pair of bird with big bill. Wildlife.


These massive beaked birds are omnivores with a lifespan of 15-20 years. In Costa Rica, there are six totally different species of toucans, and you’ve got the very best probability of catching a glimpse of those birds within the cloud forests of Monteverde and the upper elements of the Central Volcanic Vary.

Chestnut-mandibled Toucan found on a hike in Costa Rica

Black-Mandibled Toucan

The feeding habits of this hen considerably influence the ecosystem of its house within the Central American and northwestern South American lowland rain forests. Black-mandibled toucans are primarily frugivorous, which means 90% of their weight-reduction plan is fruit. The seeds they eat cross by their digestive programs intact and sprout the place they’re deposited. These are the most important toucans in Central America and are recognized for his or her huge, bicolored invoice.

Flying Resplendent Quetzal, Pharomachrus mocinno, Savegre in Costa Rica, with green forest in background. Magnificent sacred green and red bird. Action flight moment with Resplendent Quetzal.

Resplendent Quetzal

The resplendent quetzal was first described by Mexican naturalist Pablo de La Llave in 1832. These birds have colourful and sophisticated plumage and reside amongst lush vegetation, in very moist rainforests at excessive elevations. There are two acknowledged subspecies.

Discover the Wilder Aspect of Costa Rica, in Consolation

On Costa Rica’s southern Pacific coast lies the Golfo Dulce, an 800-acre personal rainforest reserve that’s one in all solely three tropical forest estuaries on the earth. Gulfo Dulce receives tropical runoff from eight rivers which kind a fresh-water gulf. With an abundance of wildlife and sea life, the biodiversity right here is not like every other place on the earth. Exploring this distant space of the rainforest is a uncommon expertise, and Nat Hab makes it much more particular with lodging at Tiskita Jungle Lodge, the one lodging on this biodiversity hotspot. Its hand-built cabins, crafted from fallen hardwood bushes, survey the ocean from a excessive ridge, permitting you to expertise a tropical rainforest in consolation. Greater than 275 hen species thrive on this lush habitat, and our distant ecolodge on Costa Rica’s less-visited southern Pacific coast offers glorious birdwatching and wildlife viewing. Day by day morning walks present the chance to see coveted species just like the scarlet macaw, which was efficiently reintroduced by Tiskita’s house owners and now prospers on the reserve.

Costa Rica’s southern Pacific coast is plentiful with vibrant birdlife and excellent wildlife viewing alternatives for all sorts of vacationers. Be a part of a Nat Hab journey and uncover a wilder facet of Costa Rica!




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